b'The Hopewell Hopewell traded these artifacts, flint,Another group of hunters, gath- and stone used for making pipes. Weerers, and farmers lived in Ohio about know that they traded as far away as2,000 years ago. The Hopewell people Florida and the Atlantic coast. Somewere here from about 100 B.C. to 600 items found in Hopewell sites, placesA.D. Like the Adena, they lived mostly in where archaeologists dig for artifacts,the southern Ohio river valleys. The include bear claws and a special rockHopewell were named for Captain M. C. called obsidian from the Rocky MountainHopewell, the person on whose land their area. Obsidian is a very hard rock thatremains were first uncovered. The comes from volcanoes.Hopewell farm was in Ross County, Ohio, The Hopewell changed the look ofthe same county where the Adena Ohios land in some places. They builtremains were first found.mounds and walls made of earth in geo-The Hopewell people spread farther metric shapes: circles, rectangles, andthan the Adena had. Some of their octagons. These shapes were so well doneremains have been found in the lands of that scientists believe the Hopewell hadnorthern Ohio, too. They made beautiful surveying skills. They may have been theartifacts, different from the Adenas. first surveyors in Ohio. Surveying is anThat is one way that archaeologists know important skill when studying land.the Adena and Hopewell were two dif- Surveyors are people who use math toferent people, even though at one time chart the earths surface and to markthey both lived near each other. The boundary lines. They measure the land soAlong the Ohio TrailTake a look at this town. Would you besurprised to find out that it is called Circleville?The Hopewell built two circle-shaped mounds, onewithin the other. When the town was established,the leaders decided not todisturb the mounds. Twoof the main streets in OldCircleville Village werenamed Circle Alley andCircle Street. Today thecity of Circleville is themain city in PickawayCounty.page 13'