b'A native chief named Pontiac Ohio Land Claimsdecided to organize a large group of 1770-1785natives, a nation of Native Americans, topush the British back over the When the British signed the TreatyAppalachian Mountains and out of the of Fort Stanwix in 1768, they did so withOhio Country. For months, groups of war- the thought of keeping peace with theriors attacked British posts, including Indian tribes. The treaty was supposedFort Sandusky. British troops moved into to reserve land and provide huntingthis territory to stop the natives grounds in the Ohio Country for theattacks. Eventually peace was established Indians living there, as well as estab-with the Ohio tribes. England wanted to lishing boundaries for settlers. However,renew trade with Ohios native tribes, land companies wanted to establish set-knowing there was money to be made. tlements on these lands. Some lands wereTreaty ofeven to have been granted (given) to menwho served in the French and IndianFort Stanwix War, as payment for their militaryIn 1768 the Iroquois Nations and service. Native Indians watched the set-the Ohio natives signed a treaty with the tlers carefully, fearing the tribes wouldBritish. The Treaty of Fort Stanwix set once again be moved outor worse.aside land (in reserve) for these Native One settler group was different,Americans in the Ohio Country, as well as though. Some Christian missionaries werein parts of Pennsylvania and New York. welcomed into Ohio. In the 1750s, aThe word reservation comes from group of Moravians (the Christian mis-reserved lands.sionaries) began scouting the land nearThough some settlers disagreed the Tuscarawas and Muskingum Rivers.with both of these official statements, By 1772, new missions had been estab-overall the Quebec Act and Treaty of lished there. Moravian leaders and theirFort Stanwix were followed.Along the Ohio TrailThe treaty guaranteed that these lands would not be disturbed by whitesettlers, but the white man did not keep his word. As settlers continued to move intothe land reserved for the natives, the attacks on their settlements continued, too. White men killed natives, too. One native leader, Chief Logan,reported that his entire family had been killed by white men for noreason.Chief Logan gave a famous speech about this. He explained that hewas on the warpath until he had fulfilled his revenge: to get one scalpfor each member of his family who had been killed. When he took thelast scalp, later Chief Logan turned back to peace.page 27'