b'The Moravian men saw the peaceful Delaware IndiansMassacre gathering corn, beans, and other cropsfrom the fields at Gnadenhutten. TheAs the American Revolution was Delaware Indians trusted the white set-coming to a close in 1781, the British and tlers, so they easily did what they weretheir Native American allies decided to told. The soldiers made the Indiansmove the Moravian Indians away from gather in the church and kneel. Thenthe Tuscarawas region. Their new home Williamson and his men murdered thesewas to be shared with the Wyandot tribe peaceful people and set the church onnear the Sandusky River. The Moravians fire. Two boys escaped and ran to warnand their Indian followers were dis- the other villages. Today there is atrusted because they were pacifists, not village at Schoenbrunn and a museum atinvolved in the war. The white Moravian Gnadenhutten set up for visitors to markleaders were taken away by the British these places in Ohio history[see graphicand were tried as spies. (LL)] .In 1782, some of the Christian Hearing about this violence madeDelaware Indians were allowed to return other Indian tribes angry. They reactedto their old home in order to gather food strongly and attacked colonist settle-from their fields. At the same time, ments. The British encouraged theseDavid Williamson and 100 men were attacks. In June 1782, Indians of themoving into the area to punish native Ohio Country had surrounded a group ofIndians for attacking some settlers in American soldiers under the command ofwestern Pennsylvania. Williamson and his Colonel WilliamCrawford, a friendof GeorgeWashington. Manymen were killed andColonel Crawfordwas executed inrevenge for theattack onGnadenhutten,although Crawfordhad nothing to dowith that attack.The Moravian church founded Schoenbrunn (beautiful Today Crawfordspring) in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians. Thesettlement grew to include sixty dwellings and more than County is named 300 inhabitants who drew up Ohios first civil code and built for him.its first Christian church and schoolhouse. Graphic (LL)page 31'