b'The Origin of Ohios County Names(Date in parentheses is year countyCoshocton (1810), is an anglicized version ofwas established, it may differthe Indian village Goschachgunk orfrom year it was actually organized.) Goschaching meaning Black Bear Town orAdams (1797), named for our second presi- where there is a river crossing.dent, John Adams, during whose administra- Crawford (1820), named in honor of Col.tion the county was organized. William Crawford who was burned at theAllen (1820), probably named for either stake in 1782 by Indians.Ethan Allen, a hero of the Revolutionary Cuyahoga (1808), named for the CuyahogaWar or John L. Allen, a hero of the War of River. Cuyahoga is an Indian word meaning1812. Both men were colonels. crooked, or winding stream.Ashland (1846), named after Ashland, home Darke (1809), named for Gen. William Darke,of the Whig candidate for President, Henry Revolutionary War hero.Clay, outside Lexington, Kentucky. Defiance (1845), named for Fort DefianceAshtabula (1808), named after the Ashtabula built in 1794 by General Anthony Wayne.River which meant Fish River in the local Delaware (1808), named for the DelawareIndian dialect. Indians who came from the Delaware RiverAthens (1805), the county is named after area near Philadelphia.Athens, Greece. Erie (1838), named for the Erie Indian tribe.Auglaize (1848), named for the Auglaize In their Indian dialect the word erieRiver. Auglaize is a Shawnee Indian word meant cat or wildcat.meaning fallen timbers. Fairfield (1800), Arthur St. Clair, GovernorBelmont (1801), comes from the French words of the Northwest Territory, named thisbelle monte, meaning beautiful mountain, county for the beauty of its fair fields.describing the hills of the county. Fayette (1810), named for Marie Joseph PaulBrown (1818), named for Gen. Jacob Brown, a Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, the Marquishero of the War of 1812. Georgetown, the de Lafayette. He served as an Americancounty seat, was the boyhood home of Major General in the Revolutionary War andUlysses Simpson Grant, Civil War General was named an honorary U.S. citizen in 1803.and 18th President of the United States. Franklin (1803), named for Benjamin Franklin,Butler (1803), named for Major General printer and diplomat.Richard Butler, killed during the disastrous Fulton (1850), named for Robert Fulton,defeat of General Arthur St. Clair by the inventor of the steamboat.Indians on Nov. 4, 1791.Carroll (1833), took the name Carroll from Gallia (1803), is derived from Gaul, theCharles Carroll of Carrollton, Maryland, the ancient name of France.last surviving signer of the Declaration of Geauga (1806), the name Geauga or SheaugaIndependence, who died in Baltimore on was one given by the Indians to the GrandNovember 14, 1832, at the age of 96. River which flows through the county. ItChampaign (1805), is French and means a means raccoon.plain, descriptive of the level land in the Greene (1803), named for Gen. Nathanielarea. Greene, Revolutionary War hero.Clark (1818), named for Brigadier General Guernsey (1810), due to the fact that manyGeorge Rogers Clark who defeated the of the original settlers came from the IsleShawnee Indians in a battle near of Guernsey in the English Channel.Springfield, on August 8, 1780. Hamilton (1790), named for AlexanderClermont (1800), comes from the French Hamilton, the first Secretary of theword meaning clear mountain. Treasury, 1789-1795.Clinton (1810), named in honor of George Hancock (1820), named for John Hancock,Clinton, who was vice-president of the President of the Continental CongressUnited States when the county was formed. (1775-1777) and first signer of theColumbiana (1803), derived from Christopher Declaration of Independence.Columbus and Anna.page 82'