b'plans can be carried out for buildingthings. To create their geometric earth-works, the Hopewell would have usedmeasuring skills like this. The most famous earthwork of theHopewell is Fort Ancient[see graphic (Y)]in Warren County. Wall-like structureslike this one were probably built for reli-gious ceremonies, not really as forts for The walls of Fort Ancient, as seen from theprotection. The walls of Fort Ancient are south. It is located in Warren County, Ohio.Graphic (Y)3.5 miles long and surround more than100 acres. Within its walls are burial The Fort Ancientsmounds, stone walkways, and moon- The Fort Ancient people did notshaped mounds. It was the largest pre- build Fort Ancient. As you have alreadyhistoric construction in the U.S. You can read, the Hopewell did. However, thevisit this site today. Other Hopewell Fort Ancients are named after thissites can be found in Newark, Marietta, grand earthwork because they lived inPortsmouth, and Hamilton County.the Fort Ancient region beginning in Although the Hopewell were an 1000 A.D., after the Hopewell had advanced people, their culture disap- disappeared. The Fort Ancient culturepeared, too, around 600 A.D. They were was similar to that of the people inthe last advanced people to live in the Mexico, like the Aztecs and Mayans.Ohio region until the Europeans beganPossibly some natives migrated fromto arrive in the 1600s.there to the Ohio region. Evidence of theFort Ancients shows that they were goneby the mid-1600s. Most anthropologistsbelieve that the Fort Ancients may have been the ancestors of the Shawnee people.Woodhenge, Stubbs Earthworks, WarrenCounty, Ohio (based on excavationsconducted by Dr. Frank Cowan and thestaff of the Cincinnati Museum Centerduring the summers of 1998 and 1999). The Hopewell Site, Ross County, Ohio.Graphic (X) Graphic (Z)Graphics x, y and z:Copyright 1999. Reprinted with permission from the University of Cincinnati/CERHAS. All rights reserved.page 14'